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Company Secretary Courses And Subjects

Company Secretary Courses

The Company Law Board initiated a course in the year 1960 which is a Diploma in Company Secretary ship by the Government. As a result, the Institute of Company Secretaries of India stretched in the year 1969. These come under the regulation of the Companies Act in 1956 of Section 25. As per the Act of 1980, this was converted into a constitutional organization.

The Course lineup the knowledge in the field of legal affairs and commercial economic filed with the contemporary practice.
The aim of this Course’s is to expand and control the business.

* Foundation Course – 1st Stage: This is for the individual; he should pass the exam of Higher Secondary to meet up the eligibility criteria.

* Intermediate Course – 2nd Stage: The Intermediate Course which the individual should pass the foundation phase.

* Final Course – Last Stage/Final Course: The Final Course which the individual should clear all the two stages accurately to become a successful Company Secretary.

These are the all the 3 stages to be successfully completed

Eligibility Criteria:

Who and how an individual can pursue

* One should have passed his/her Higher Secondary examination or Intermediate Examination in order to pursue the Company Secretary courses.

* Those who are already a graduate and have cleared post graduation in Cost Accountancy or Chartered Accountancy has an advantage which is they can directly apply for the Intermediate stage of company secretary.

Training after Courses of Company Secretary:

After successfully clearing all the stages of the examinations; candidates have to go for a practical training for 16 months in order that the individual becomes the member of the Institute of the CSI and the person will be allocated a Professional Membership Number.

Extra Qualities:

* The person must be devoted and he/she should accomplish the good writing and speaking English skills

* He/she should also attain a moral character

* He/she should be able to understand the strategies and policies of the company. In a straight way he/she should become diplomatic person and should also be intellectual, elegant, loyal and meticulous as well.

Subjects Covers:

* Basic Economics
* Business Communication
* English
* Financial Accounting
* Company Law
* Management Accounting
* General and Commercial Law
* Corporate Secretarial practice
* Banking and Insurance
* World Trade Organization
* Corporate Restructuring
* Human Resource Management and Industrial Relation
* International Trade
* Joint Ventures and Foreign Collaborations and many more

Discovering Your Options Regarding Company Formation

When you are developing your business or expanding your existing company there are a number of opportunities out there for you to take benefit of. The main benefit is found with the sort of business you’re attempting to develop and therefore the opportunities that its identification presents for you. The primary example of an organization formation option is found with sole proprietorship and the event of a business that is left entirely under your care.

This company formation provides you with the freedom of running your own business but places great liability on yourself with reference to company success or sudden financial events. The 2nd business formation out there is with a joint venture business where 2 or more individuals run the business. This company formation helps with distributing the liability threats however usually needs people who work well along and are willing to share financial burden and responsibility.

Another business formation that more people are turning to as their business solutions is found with a pty limited company. A pty limited company is unique in nature because it develops a company formation as a different entity outside of the liability of the owners. With this company formation you’ll be able to have a sole proprietorship or a partnership as the company will not depend upon the structure of sole responsibility, rather a prearranged company formation demanding clear positions and responsibility.

Additionally to attaining this new corporation creation structure, you furthermore may benefit from liability safety established with a pty limited company. Usually with a sole proprietorship or partnership, individuals have all their money invested in a company, with no clear line of separation, threatening your personal monetary future if events flip negative. Through a pty limited business formation you separate the business from the personal funds through the protection of the law, serving to to shield yourself in the event of a worst case scenario.

Thus the only question with reference to company formation is that if all of these benefits are found with a pty limited corporation formation, why are there less types of these businesses. The reality is that there are a number of legal demands related to generating this style of company formation and it proves difficult for the average business owner to accomplish. That is why it is necessary to take advantage of a expert to help you in pursuing this business venture. With a expert, they will describe to you how to include your business. In addition, a professional can help you with step by step help in serving to to establish how to incorporate your business.

Two Famous Franchise Companies Of United State

Owning franchises in the USA is exact one way to create money for yourself and for your concern. There are complete sorts of motives why anyone might want to invest in a franchise on their own, and there certainly are few accepted franchises in the United States.

If you have ever wanted to know about what’s required when owning a franchise of a certain group then here is the knowledge that you require. Here’s a trivia inquiry that you can catch home to your family, although: what franchise has been ranked #1 many times over? You possibly could very well presume what it is, and if you were thinking McDonald’s Restaurant you were closely right. There have several times when McDonalds Restaurant has been ranked #1 for the food category it’s been placed in, but here are some other interesting facts about owning a McDonald’s franchise:

The McDonald’s Franchise

McDonald’s Corporation is one of the world’s largest chain of hamburger fast food restaurants, serving nearly 47 million customers daily and more than 11,000 McDonald’s franchises all over the United States.

McDonald’s has seen enormous growth in the restaurant level over dozens of times and it has basically created a world filled with Chicken McNuggets, Big Macs, and Ronald McDonald characters.

In order to have a McDonald’s franchise about the only thing that is essential of the franchisee is to have a cash liquidity value of about $100,000. In addition, the franchise fee for owning a McDonald’s is set right at about $45,000 and the total investment that one is required to put forth when creating a McDonald’s franchise restaurant altogether is somewhere between half-a-million dollars and one-and-a-half million dollars.

Burger King

Burger King is a global chain of hamburger fast food restaurants headquartered in unincorporated Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States. The company started as a franchise restaurant chain, based in Jacksonville, Florida in 1953.

The franchise fee is more, the total franchise investment is more, but the only thing that is less is actually the royalty fee, which is just around five percent. Burger King franchise price exact double what a McDonald’s franchisee is required to have offered and pay.

These are two of the most accepted franchises throughout the United States. The McDonald’s Corporation is definitely the best one, but the comparison up against their fast food restaurant rival, Burger King, is interesting as well.

The complexities of the subject matter within this article strive to give you a better look at what this subject is all about.

Starting a small business online,500in15,500 in15 review

Starting a small business online

How to take the first steps to starting a small business online. Today you can easily access anything from online shopping to job information online with just a click of your mouse.

If you already have an idea of the kind of business you plan to start you can begin by researching on the internet to see if this is something people are really searching to buy. You need to establish there is a demand for your idea. If not, however good you think it is, it is not likely to be successful.

If you are not sure exactly what your business will be you can browse the internet to find ideas. You can also visit your local bookstore and look for books and magazines on topics of interest to you. Again you should make sure there is a large group of people, or market, for this product or service.

By browsing the internet and clicking on a few sites of interest to you, it is easy to start an avalanche of information flowing into your email inbox. If you are venturing online for the first time and you have no previous experience it is very easy to feel overwhelmed very quickly. Most people seem to experience what is now referred to as “information overload” at some time.

One way round this problem is to look for an online marketing offer which will help starting a small business online a little easier. There are many online marketers offering a solution to your problem but how can you choose a good fit for you? Beginners in the online business field are often referred to as “newbies” so this is a good place to start.

You should look for an offer that concentrates on the basics for any online business rather than the latest trend at this time. If you can find a course that will take you step by step from the creation of your website, setting up your offer and getting visitors to your website this will reduce the time it takes. Why start from scratch when there are plenty of proven systems that work already.
I highly recommend you stick to one method to start with.

Enjoy the 5 minute video

Can Spirit Play A Role In Financial Success

At quick glance, whether or not a person experiences financial success in life may seem arbitrary. Some people seemed to have earned it through hard work, while others were handed money on a silver platter. Still others engage in unscrupulous tactics to achieve it and many of them ultimately pay the price. While we struggle to support ourselves, we wonder why we were not selected to experience financial riches.

The truth is, our life is what we make it. We can climb the corporate ladder while working for someone else or we can create our own destiny in a different way, by becoming entrepreneurs. Either one may offer intrinsic and financial reward, depending on who we are. Some people are not content to be restricted by a corporate structure and choose to embark on their own ventures. Though this is often an admirable move, success is not guaranteed.

Starting a small business is expensive and most entrepreneurs spend some sleepless nights wondering how they will pay the bills. Along the way, these individuals rely strongly on their core beliefs, one of which is often a strong sense of faith. Even those who started with little spiritual values may come to believe in a higher being who guides them down the right path. They place their trust in something outside of themselves, hoping it will make their career more rewarding.

Some people have seen what faith can do first-hand and they share their experience with others. By providing the lessons they learned and explaining the life-altering change they made, they hope to help other people transform their own lives. Many of them believe that being blessed with the success they have requires that they share the method of realizing it with the public.

This sharing, they believe, is their calling and duty, the price they must pay for their riches. In reality, it is not a sacrifice because every time they show others how to be more successful, they feel an internal satisfaction. What better thing can a person do than help someone else realize a dream? Even the most stubborn audience can take away valuable lessons from this conversation.

Whatever our faith is at this point may undergo a radical transformation when we find ourselves on the receiving end of such a powerful message. As we embark on our own journey to put ourselves in the financially secure category, we may remember this information and incorporate it into our lives. When we achieve financial security, it will be our turn to share the valuable lesson with others.

Pit Bike Modification

These bikes have some very restrictive parts fitted when standard and therefore the first move is to try to remove these parts for better ones. The carburettors and air filters on these bikes mean that fuel and air supply to the engine are limited and therefore the ride will not be as smooth or as powerful because of this.

The first thing to do then is to buy a new race carb, these can be purchased off some websites for around 40-50, this is quite cheap considering the gain in performance it could achieve. After this has been fitted it is a good idea to derestrict the airflow with a free flow air filter (K&N style). This will add extra horsepower to your pit bike and give a great performance boost.

The next part which I would change would be the exhaust and manifold, which are again very restrictive to the engines of these bikes. A performance exhaust can be found on some sites for around 50 but can also retail at a few hundred pounds so be sure to shop around first.

Once these modifications have been made there will be a great power difference increasing low and mid range power as well as top end.

However there is still more to do in order to get the most out of your pit bike, in pit bikes the CDI unit is often restricted. The limiter on these are usually set around 8,500 rpm which means you will not be getting the most out of your bike if this is left standard.

A performance CDI unit can be purchased for these bikes which will mean that these bikes can now rev freely up to about 10,000 rpm which will mean smoother power curves and better acceleration and top end.

Adjustments can be made to the gearing of these bikes as well, in order for you to adjust this depending on the style of track you will be riding on. The best thing to do to change the gearing of the bike is to experiment with the set up of the sprockets. Standard sprockets are usually 14 tooth on the front, with a 37-40 tooth sprocket on the back.

Changing the front sprocket with a larger one will result in better top end, and a smaller rear sprocket will have the same effect, however acceleration will be lost when top end is gained and vice versa.

For more information on modifying pit bikes, or for details of parts for sale which will increase the power of your pit bike then visit www.minimotosgo.com and take a look for yourself.

My Online Business Strategy Helps You Avoid the Dangers and Traps of Internet Marketing

There’s a lot to be said for knowing the possible pitfalls before embarking on any journey and “My Online Business Strategy” (MOBS) is a successful blue print that allows you to feel comfortable in the knowledge that you can avoid and overcome them.

Let’s just take a look at some of the dangers and traps:

* A hyped up product, system or strategy which doesn’t delivery on its promises. Often these are pitched in such a way to win over an audience of would be punters so that they buy.
* Material presented in vast quantities without covering all the required information.
* The quantity is large enough so that after the purchaser has consumed it all and realizes that he or she cannot make money the original seller is not marketing the product any longer and can offer little or no assistance.
* Information overload – here the vastness and the variety of information provided makes the purchaser feel overwhelmed and they then blame themselves for not being able to commit the time and effort needed and therefore give up.
* Many people have been in the position of giving up – some even go through the same loop over and over with different products. The desire is so great that people are blinded by the repeated failings.

Here’s how, “My Online Business Strategy” helps you overcome and avoid all this:

* It is not hyped up. It is down to earth. “My Online Business Strategy” points out that you will not become a millionaire overnight and that you will have to work at it.
* The material was not created to sell. This material is the process that Gary Gregory uses to build his own sites. These sites make him over $100,000 per year.
* “MOBS” leaves nothing out whilst ensuring that you are led by the hand. This prevents information overload.
* “My Online Business Strategy” provides toll free live support should you fall into difficulties. This is surely absolute proof that the detail is present without being overwhelming. “My Online Business Strategy” could not offer this level of support if it was anything other than a complete easy to use blue print for online success.

Thailand Company Registration

In terms of registering a company in a specific place, particularly if it is international, there are a lot of things to consider. In relation to legal things, the numbers of process are so many. But as you follow properly these procedures, you can always have the outcomes be in your favor. These process and very detailed procedures should always be check and double check for the registration to be in a rapid mode as possible as it is. Guarded with reliable and dependable information, you can always be sure that you can finish the registration without having any hassle before, within, and after the process.

There are so many classifications of company registration. These classifications are used to determine the type of company that you would like to register and established. When you already know the different types of this business, you will now feel at ease in making some possible steps regarding the said process. As long as you know these things, the probability of accomplishing the things that you need to be done as soon as possible is totally thinkable. Sooner or later, you can now register your company and make it profitable enough in terms of popularity and income production.

One of the options that you can have in Thailand is the Thai Partnership. In this particular system of Thailand, a company is being worked by minimum of two people or businessmen. This Thailand, the Thai partnership, focuses on the system that is being presented by partners. Here are some points that will make you clarify in terms of information under this type of Thailand, the Thai Partnership.

The Thai Partnership is composed of joint partners that will share about the probable liabilities that a particular business can generate.

With this type of Thailand, businessmen should always think about the things that they will spend in relation to the said system. In regards to this statement, this Thailand focuses on the expenses that will be shared by the people who are involved in a certain company. They have to attend and follow the following obligation that assigned to them while in the process of Thailand company registration. As long as they implement this properly, and pay the expenditures that they need to pay, the assurance of registering their company in a most convenient way is indeed imaginable.

Each partner are Obliged the Liabilities and debts that are under the premises of the company.

Considering the liabilities and debts in order for a company to earn profitable income, in this way, you will no longer have problems under the Thailand registration. Both partners are liable to pay the debts of each other. Any expenses, liabilities, debts and assets that is being generated by the company should always shoulder by the partners, but in case of not obliging this terms, the Thailand company registration will result to a failed attempt.

The Ins And Outs Of Owning A Franchise

Many years ago it was the norm that when someone wanted to go into business for themselves it meant using one’s own instincts and depending on one’s own personal know-how and also observing the way that the market was going to move. However, things have changed and franchises have become the new way of doing things which has led to much prosperity for franchisees. Essentially, a franchise is duplication of business concept that has proven successful for the parent company and it also means that the franchisee is the owner who hires his or her own staff and looks after the day-to-day working of his franchise in which the stakes are high since the franchisee has invested his own time, money and effort in running the business.

An Already Established Concept – Another advantage to owning a franchise is that the concept has already been established and there will already be a proven track record of success. Also, the franchisee is well within his or her rights in using the trademark of the company and also its brand name which gives a license to the franchisee to market products that already has the brand recognition and which is already popular with the customers. Thus, having a franchise means tapping into a market that has already been established and is ready for more business.

When one takes a franchise, there is assured support on the part of the franchiser, and even though you may running the business on your own, there is always an extra opportunity or two available from the parent company and assistance too is always forthcoming. Since a majority of franchises are turnkey projects, it means that after signing the agreement, the franchisee gets all the equipment as well as supplies that are necessary to grow the business further, and this is something that sets franchising apart from other business concepts.

Next, when one takes a franchise there is less need for capital as compared to starting a business for yourself, and this can be attributed to the fact that you will already be getting experience and also a tried and tested system that the parent company has operated with success, and for which you do not have to spend unnecessarily such as on trial and error ideas. And, it also means getting supplies at lower costs because the parent company has already negotiated prices with suppliers and this benefit is passed onto the franchise.

Other benefits to starting a franchise includes getting wider promotional campaigns, benefits of ongoing R & D programs, having the status of a company, not taking any more risks than are necessary, and getting a set of quality standards that are unified. Thus, with all these benefits, it is easy to see why other forms of business concepts are not able to compete with franchising.

Roger Hamilton An Entrepreneur of Entrepreneurship

We always have a common bewilderment towards the successful entrepreneurs, -What are the ingredients that create their success?- Each one of them will have their own notions, but there are few customary things such as hard work, endurance, patience, and so on. But in recent years there is one more addition to this that is common among entrepreneur’s list. It is a name called Roger Hamilton, for he shows you the right path to apply these values and motivates to succeed.

The prime step towards success is to find out where you can succeed. And for that you need to find out where your interests lie. This is the first thing, but yet the hardest thing. There are people who would have been an eminently successful person instead they are mere failures. This is just because they did not know their right course and this still would be a mystery to them. But this is not going to happen again as now we are blessed with the right tool to unravel our interests.-The Wealth Dynamics system- created by Roger Hamilton.

Wealth Dynamics system is a tool which conducts psychometric tests to find out the right path to create wealth. Though there is a pool of such tests available now none of them could match with the wealth dynamic system as it is has been designed by the master and is accurate. People who take up this test feel indebted to our genius because it gives vision with absolute clarity to set your goal. The unique aspect of our master is he just not gives you an idea, but he also helps you to devise a plan to implement it.

The glory of the Wealth Dynamic System instantly spread across the whole world and so did the creator’s name. Today he has been crowned as a wizard and is a renowned speaker in wealth dynamics creation all over the world. He is also a co-founder of the world’s largest social network of entrepreneurs -The XL Group-. He often conducts workshops in order to shape the minds of the individuals and has been extremely successful in it. Not only the people who attended his work shop, but even the ones who got a chance to listen and read his thoughts have scaled great heights. Later they’ve revealed that their time with Roger Hamilton was the decisive moment of their life.

For more information regarding Roger Hamilton, please visit www.roger-hamilton.net